General dentistry functions as the first line of defence against any major oral health problems. Here, we offer a range of comprehensive general dentistry services for the prevention, early detection and treatment of oral health problems.
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Scaling and Polishing
Even with regular and proper dental habits, bacteria and plaque may still lurk in places you cannot see with your naked eye.
Scaling gets rid of plaque, tartar and bacteria toxins from the surfaces below the gum line. Depending on the severity of your condition, the dentist may numb the area to minimize the discomfort. Polishing is usually performed after scaling to eliminate stains caused by coffee, tea or red wine. Polishing will also leave your teeth smooth and shiny.
Another key to healthy teeth is fluoride, an important mineral that keeps tooth decay at bay. Calcium in our teeth is often lost through a process called “demineralization”, where the enamel layer of one’s tooth is gradually eroded by the acidic food and drinks that we consume.
Fluoride treatments done in a dental clinic can help to strengthen the bonding of calcium in our tooth enamel, hence preventing and even reversing tooth decay. The fluoride, which may take the form of a gel, cream or varnish, will be applied to your teeth and left there to be absorbed.
Fillings are used to replace tooth structure that has been damaged by decay, abrasion and acid erosion. Your dentist will first remove the decayed tooth material, clean the affected area, and then fill it up with a filling material. The closing of gaps with fillings would prevent bacteria from infiltrating the tooth, which helps to prevent further decay.
We have a range of fillings made from different materials, as no one type of filling is best for everyone. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with more details during your consultation.
Tooth extraction refers to the removal of a tooth from the mouth. The need for extraction arises when a tooth is severely decayed or beyond repair.
There are 2 types of extractions:
(i) Uncomplicated extraction:
This involves the removal of teeth that are visible in the mouth. A local anesthetic will first be administered, before using a dental forceps to loosen the tooth and finally to remove it.
(ii) Surgical extraction:
This involves the removal of teeth that cannot be easily accessed. This is a more complicated procedure that almost always requires an incision. Your doctor may recommend this if your tooth is severely broken or if it is impacted (stuck) behind bone or another tooth.
Digital X-rays are essential to any dental care treatment, as they allow the dentist to detect problems like decay or gum disease that is invisible to the naked eye. Early detection allows us to intervene early to the condition from worsening.
Our clinics provide 2 main forms of digital x-rays:
1) Intra-oral x-rays: Periapical and Bitewing x-rays
2) Extra-oral x-rays: Orthopantomogram (OPG) and Lateral Cephalometric Radiograph (LAT CEPH).
The former requires the x-ray to be taken from within the mouth, whereas the latter requires the x-ray to be taken externally.
What is bitewing X-ray and how is it done?
It shows the crowns of the teeth at the back, in order to aid dentist in spotting decay. Patients will be asked to bite on a wing-shaped device which stabilises the film in place so that the x-ray can be taken.
What is periapical x-ray and how is it done?
The procedure is quite similar to the bitewing x-ray, except the x-ray will only display one or two teeth at a time in order to focus on the entire length of the teeth.
What is OPG and how is it done?
OPG enables the dentist to obtain a panoramic view of a patient’s lower face, which details varying characteristics of the mouth, such as the condition and position of the teeth. It is commonly used for patients undergoing braces, extractions (e.g. wisdom teeth), or gum treatment. In addition, it allows the dental surgeon to assess the jaw joint, jaw bones, nasal sinuses and nasal cavity.
You will simply have to stand still, with your face resting on a support while biting onto a aseptic mouthpiece.
What is Lat Ceph and how is it done?
The Lat Ceph allows for x-rays of a patient’s facial side profile, showing the bones and facial contours. Similar to OPG, Lat Ceph x rays are used in the planning of dental and orthodontic treatments. Most dentist specifically use LAT Ceph to visualise a patient’s jaw and the cheekbone.
You will need to stand still with your head leaning against the x-ray machine, which will be adjusted accordingly. In order to capture an exact picture of your side view, you will also be required to wear a pair of plastic supports over the ears.